The EU Parliament Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs published a report last week. This crypto-related Draft is to become law as soon as 2024. According to this draft’s author, banks may have to hold 12.5 times more in their reserve if they are dealing in a given Crypto-Asset class.
The regulation mainly consists of the requirement for “credit risk, credit valuation adjustment risk, operational risk, market risk, and the output floor.”
The Crypto Related part of the Draft is divided into two parts, 1. The banks and institutes will have to reveal their crypto exposure and 2. The draft will be submitted to the Parliament to become law (in which the bank’s and institute’s crypto holding capacity and risk management ability are described.) I will share what is going on at the regulators’ end in Europe.
- Disclosure of exposures to crypto-assets and related activities
- Prudential Treatment of Crypto assets
European Parliament Draft Bill
1. Disclosure of exposures to crypto-assets and related activities
In the heading “Disclosure of exposure to crypto assets and related activities.” The Institutes will have to reveal all their Crypto related investments, services, and any activities related to digital assets and cryptocurrencies. The regulator’s publications often remains unpleasant for the crypto market and leaves market in a side-waves for anther day on Monday.
“The fast adoption of Crypto-assets in the financial markets and the rapid acquisition of crypto-asset among financial institutes should be minutely monitored under the Union Prudential Framework,”, Said Author of the draft.
According to the article 461b, Institutes dealing in Crypto-assets (cryptocurrencies) or making any direct or indirect investment, will have to reveal this information:
a) Amount of investment they have made in Cryptocurrencies
b) Each crypto-asset has to be explained according to its risk and demand
c) The amount of total investment at risk must be broken down
d) The accounting classification for cryptocurrencies exposure
e) Explanation of the business pursuit associated with the digital-currencies and its effect on the risk
appetite of the institutes
f) To-the-point explanation of their risk management policies related to their holding and services
In addition, banks and institutes will have to provide a to-the-point explanation of their risk management policies related to their crypto holding and crypto-related services.
2. Prudential Treatment of Crypto assets
The commission will propose a legal framework to the Parliament and the Council by 30 June 2023. According to the recently published Mica Regulation, the commission will propose the execution Proposal as follows:
a) Criteria for each category of cryptocurrencies and risk related to them
b) The funding needs of each institute/bank are based on their investment in crypto
c) In-depth monitoring of crypto-assets according to their requirements for funds
d) A particular requirement of funds for digital assets investment
As per the weightage of their investments, the institutes will have to keep the backup of 1250% of their investment in reserve by Dec 30, 2023. For example, if an institute is investing $100000 in crypto, the institute will have to keep $125000 in reserve.
So far, this is a draft that needs voting in the European Parliament to become legal tender. Keeping more than 12 times in reserve seems like sheer injustice to those institutes who want to add or increase their investment in cryptocurrencies. This depicts that despite the vast adoption of crypto-assets, the regulators are not big fans of Bitcoin and crypto, as not showing any sign of mercy for making it easy to trade.
But the brighter side of the picture is that the regulator’s concern is valid to some extent, this will make crypto much safer for both retail investors as well for the institutes. On the other hand, this will give real control to the regulators which makes it centralized again.
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